Snail mucus extract is a dry powder, which is obtained from snail mucin after a number of procedures:
This substance gained popularity at the end of the 20th century, when the first hand cream of the Chilean brand was launched on the market «Elicina». It was in Chile, back in the 80s of the last century, that the owner one of the snail farms drew attention to the skin of his workers hands . Despite the hard work, skin looked well-groomed, and small wounds healed very quickly. Already in 2006, snail mucus extract was included in world register of cosmetics (INCI — International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients) under the name “snail secretion filtrate ”. Since then a real snail boom began on the cosmetology market. The Koreans were the first to pick up the wave (in in particular Mizon). Then the French took over the baton, Americans, Italians, Russians, Poles, etc. But to this day cosmetics with mucin extract are more often associated with Asian countries.
What snails are used and why is mucin useful?
To obtain mucus, snails are raised on special farms. All terrestrial gastropods, however, there is a significant advantage on side of the giant African Achatina (Achatina fulica): due to impressive size (about the size of an adult’s palm) one individual releases much more useful substance. However, different companies prefer other types. For example, the above-mentioned Chilean company «Elicina» uses small Mediterranean snails in its products. Helix aspersa Muller. It should be noted that molluscs secrete two types of mucus:
- liposin (formed during movement and practically not has a positive effect on the skin);
- cryptozine (released during stress, causing such the protective reaction of the animal’s body).It is the second component that is needed for production extract, as it has such functions as:
- skin protection;
- bactericidal action.
Cryptozin contains a whole range of useful substances:
- hyaluronic acid;
- glycolic acid;
- vitamins (A, C, E);
- peptide antibiotics.
The process of extracting mucus and making an extract Previously, to obtain the desired animal substance was subjected to real torture. Such unpleasant (but, to fortunately, outdated and forgotten) methods of obtaining mucin:
- spraying a solution of vinegar and salt;
- electric shock;
- rotating drums or vibrating grid (sometimes are used now).
Today for these purposes is used a special device called “Muller One”. The device was created in Italy by the International Cultivation Institute snails ”together with the“ State Society of Breeders ”. Its principle is to spray a special harmless substance under the influence of which snails “share” useful secret. The process is non-contact, so the resulting mucus is not contains toxins and other harmful substances. Animals at the same time do not experience any discomfort. Another method is also known, which is not so widely applies. The snails are arranged with something like a bath. Staying prolonged exposure to hot and humid air, the shellfish also secretes cryptozin. Mucin is harvested with water and then begins complex process of filtration and purification. Then the substance is dried and turned into powder white.The process is quite costly and laborious. From 1 kg of mucus get only 5-10 grams of dry matter, so the cost extract on the market is high (25-30 euros per 1 kg). Further, this component is used in the production of creams, serums, masks and other products. Of course, there are also other ingredients that enhance and complement the effect snail mucus. Snail mucin extract caused a real revolution in the cosmetology market. This product is appreciated for multifunctionality, naturalness and hypoallergenicity. Every woman should try care containing snail mucus.